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Travaux interdisciplinaires sur " la rhétorique du discours" en anglais et français (2017)

Cinque' speeches : a slave's speeches in1839

Par rupn 1, publié le mardi 6 juin 2017 11:46 - Mis à jour le jeudi 8 juin 2017 23:20
Le 2 juillet 1839, un groupe d'une cinquantaine d'esclaves menés par Sengbe Pieh, connu plus tard sous le nom de Cinque, s'empara du navire qui les transportait, La Amistad.

           Nos élèves ont travaillé cette année en français et en anglais sur la traite négrière ,et pour l'anglais plus particulièrement, sur le commerce triangulaire organisé à partir de Liverpool . Nous nous sommes intéressés à travers divers documents (textes, vidéos) au "Middle Passage", qui  correspond à la traversée des navires négriers de l'Afrique vers les Amériques. Nous avons ensuite imaginé le discours prononcé par Cinque sur La Amistad  pour inciter les esclaves à la révolte. D'autres élèves ont imaginé quant à eux le discours prononcé par Cinque devant la Court Suprême des Etats-Unis pour défendre leur    cause. Sachez qu'après plus d'un an de débats houleux,  tous les esclaves, sauf un, furent remis en liberté. C'est un cas exceptionnel dans l'histoire de l'esclavage.                                                             


                                                                                     Cinque's rebellion speech on The Amistad


Dear Fellows,

                You who are hungry, you who are suffering, you who have had enough of your living conditions on this boat , listen to me.

If you want to fight inequality and disrespect, come and follow me! Resist and rebel ! Hold on to the memories of your wives                                                                           

and children. You CAN'T submit. You have to fight to get your freedom back. I guess you miss your family as much as I do.                                                                         

Remember how it feels to be in your homeland. You have the right to be scared, but it's time to fight for equality and freedom.

                Besides, we outnumber the crew  on this ship, so trust me : we CAN succeed. If you want to see your families again,

stand up for your rights . Committing suicide is not the solution, even if you can't bear this nightmare any more. I don't want

you nor me to end like that. We have to show them how strong and brave the black people are.

                They are armed. Well, so are we. Our rights are our weapons. So join me, dear fellows, and with God's help,

we will regain our freedom.





Dear fellow mates,

          It's  time to wake up ! It's  time to heal our wounds ! Come my friends, let's rebel. We aren't at their mercy. Nor objects,

nor goods. Our skin is black, their skin is white, and then? We are equal. The inferior race doesn’t exist. Who will take care of

your wives, your children ? When will you come back to your family, your friends ? When are you going to return to your

homeland? If we don't fight, we shall never see them again. Here we are mistreated, we sleep on the ground. We work all

the time, so that we die from exhaustion or disease. Consider this! You are intelligent. Everybody has got a reason to live.

        We are aware that the road towards freedom is not easy. We are aware that none of us can succeed alone.   

                                                                                                 Live free or die, my friends!


                                                                                  Amélie and Maëlle



                                                                    Cinque's speech in front of the Supreme Court of The United States




     We are here but we didn't want to be here. You are Americans, we are Africans. You live in America, we live in Africa.

Slave hunters have taken us away from our villages and deprived us of our families, our children, our friends, our lives.

But, the only thing they can't take from us are our memories.

     After splitting our families, they put us on that boat like animals in a cage, with shackles. We were hungry, we were thirsty,

we were sad, but didn't care, even if they didn't have pity on us and even if the crossing was like an endless nightmare.

    Many of us wanted to commit suicide, but I'm not like that. I wanted to give their freedom back to these desperate people.

     Sirs, imagine your children taken away by people you don’t know, and ill- treated, having to work hard for strangers all day long.

 Imagine you will never see them again and you can't do anything. Imagine you have to work all your life without having

any possibility to be free again. We all have differences,Sirs, but we are all equal. Don’t be inhumane! You must be aware of

what slave owners have inflicted on us. We are human beings, like you, and we just claim our freedom.


                                                                                         Léa and Justine